CheckoutAfrica put together a list of 10 interesting facts about Africa.

  1. While Africa makes up about 16% of the world’s population, fully one quarter of the world’s languages are spoken only in Africa.
  2. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with an estimated population of 125–145 million people. Egypt is the second most populous country with over 76 million people.
  3. The largest country in Africa is Algeria with a total area of 967,490 square miles (2.5 million square kilometers), and the smallest country is the island nation of The Seychelles with a total area of just 175 square miles (453 square kilometers).
  4. Scientists believe Africa was once joined with Earth’s other continents in a super-continent called Pangaea. While Asia and South America split from Africa in the late Cretaceous epoch (roughly 80 million years ago), the African continent remained relatively stable and has not moved much throughout time. Geologists believe the large island of Madagascar split from the African continent as early as 160 millions years ago.
  5. Africa contains the world’s largest desert, the Sahara, which makes up an area greater in size than the entire continental U.S.
  6. Prior to the colonization of the African continent, historians believe Africa was made up of as many as 10,000 different states and autonomous groups, ranging in size from small family groups of hunter-gatherers to large kingdoms
  7. By 250 BC, the foundations of West Africa’s oldest cities were established such as Old Djenné in Mali.
  8. A popular fashion statement in eastern Africa is to wear a kanga, a large cotton cloth with a message printed on it. Kanga are worn by both men and women and they originated during the nineteenth century in Zanzibar and Mombassa.
  9. Mt. Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa. Located in Tanzania near the Kenyan border, this dormant volcano rises to an elevation of 19,341 feet (5,895 meters). Mt. Kilimanjaro is the location of Africa’s only glacier
  10. The continent’s population will more than double to 2.3 billion people by 2050